Our local parks and public green spaces are vital for everyone and every community - and for all age groups and interests. They are an essential and unique service promoting relaxation, recreation and play, wildlife and bio-diversity, attractive walking and cycling routes, green jobs and skills, heritage, flood control, health and social well-being, and community cohesion.
However, there is growing alarm from the public, from Friends of Parks groups, parks managers, experts and politicians, about the serious long-term damage being caused by devastating cuts to green space budgets for staff and maintenance, and the lack of funding and investment by local and national government. If not reversed, this neglect will cause them to go into serious decline and become problem spaces abandoned by park users and plagued by vandalism - or even being closed and sold off. We must not let this happen.
We therefore call for action by all politicians, and in particular the the Prime Minister, the First Ministers of Scotland and Wales, and the First Minister and deputy First Minister of Northern Ireland, to adopt the six points of the Parks Charter.
38 Degrees · The Parks Agency · Fields In Trust · Llais y Goedwig · Unison · The Gardens Trust· The Parks Alliance · Greenspace Scotland · Friends of the Earth · Keep Britain Tidy · The Conservation Volunteers · National Federation of Parks and Green Spaces
Endorse a legal duty for all public green space to be managed to a good standard
We need to ensure that all parks* in the four nations of the UK are managed to a good standard and that those managing them have adequate funding to do it. Councils have unparalleled expertise and experience in how to manage parks efficiently, effectively and attractively - for example as encapsulated in the internationally-recognised Green Flag Award standard. A statutory duty, backed by adequate funding, should be brought in for Local Authorities to enable and ensure all parks in their area achieve this - not just those they own or manage. Those who own and manage parks should work with park users and others to continuously improve green space.
* parks - includes all public green spaces
Embed effective protection from inappropriate development or use, or loss of any part of our parks
Our green spaces, parts of them, and facilities within them, are under threat due to a range of factors including pressure to sell them off to generate income, or for urban development, or inappropriate commercialism. They need effective protection by raising their officially-designated status, strengthening planning policies, and adopting ‘in perpetuity’ protective covenants such as through Fields In Trust.
Ensure adequate long-term resources for ongoing maintenance, management and improvements
Maintain and increase the resources and investment in parks and green spaces to appropriate levels so they can be properly staffed and looked after, rather than let them become run down and derelict. It has been estimated that the UK’s parks need a total budget of around £2bn - £3bn a year. Parks services are hugely cost-effective in terms of the outstanding, wide-ranging and widespread benefits they provide: but only a tiny percentage of public money is currently spent on them. Their true value as the ‘Natural Health Service’ should be quantified and recognised. They should continue to be funded through taxation from Local, City, Regional and National sources. Mechanisms suggested for achieving this include Central Government ring-fenced funding to Local Authorities, access to wider infrastructure budgets, existing and new levies on development, or through Council Tax or Business Rates. Endowments could provide additional resources.
Encourage and enable community involvement and empowerment of local people and park users
Support the Parks Friends Groups movement - over 6,000 local groups - to grow and be more effective. We can get so much more out of the UK’s parks and green spaces - there is a vast potential. Where there is an active Friends Group supported by an effective local authority or another accountable management parks usually become, over time, improved and better used. We can harness friends groups’ ideas and promote them. We can inspire local communities to create friends groups for many of the 20,000+* additional parks and green spaces which need one.
* approximate figure